Thoracic Spine Fracture Dislocation

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1- Introduction

2- Anatomical Overview

3- Causes

4- Treatment 


A thoracic spine fracture dislocation is a severe injury involving both the fracture of a vertebra in the thoracic spine (the mid-back region) and the dislocation of the spinal segment. This type of injury is serious and can lead to significant complications, including spinal cord injury and neurological deficits. Here’s an in-depth look at thoracic spine fracture dislocations, including their causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and potential complications.mucoid degeneration. Flexion of the wrist makes the cyst enlarge, and it may be painful.
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Anatomical Overview

The thoracic spine is a key component of the vertebral column, providing structural support and protection for the spinal cord while enabling flexibility and movement. It plays a vital role in maintaining posture and protecting the thoracic organs.


  • Thoracic spine fracture dislocations are typically caused by high-energy trauma, such as:

    • Motor Vehicle Accidents: The most common cause, involving high-speed collisions or rollovers.
    • Falls: Especially from significant heights, which can exert substantial force on the spine.
    • Sports Injuries: High-impact sports, particularly those involving contact or the risk of falling.
    • Violence: Gunshot wounds or severe physical assaults.


  • Treatment aims to stabilize the spine, alleviate pain, and address any neurological deficits. It may involve:

    1. Non-Surgical Treatment:

      • Bracing: In cases where the fracture and dislocation are stable, a brace may be used to immobilize the spine during healing.
      • Pain Management: Medications to manage pain and inflammation.
    2. Surgical Treatment:

      • Spinal Decompression: To relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
      • Internal Fixation: Using rods, screws, and plates to stabilize the spine.
      • Spinal Fusion: To fuse the affected vertebrae and maintain spinal stability.
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